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GAULT (15 year old) was arrested for making lewd phone calls- in Court with his mom, the arresting officer & probation officer (who relayed victim's version) testified. Gault had no attorney. The Judge sent him to Reform School 'till he would be 21. State law allowed no appeal. Federal appeal was lost in lower Court, but the Supreme Court reversed, saying: "Juvenile hearings must measure up to the essentials of due process. This includes questioning only in safe place after notifying parents. JUVENILES have the SAME RIGHTS AS ADULTS EXCEPT TRIAL BY JURY.