One of the 3
fundamental issues that Islam and Christianity disagree about is the
original sin of Adam. The Quran describes the event of the creation of
Adam, his sin and its outcome in various places in the Quran.
"O Adam dwell with your wife in the Garden and enjoy as you wish but approach not this tree or you run into harm and transgression. Then Satan whispered to them in order to reveal to them their shame that was hidden from them and he said:
'Your Lord only forbade you this tree lest you become angels or such beings as live forever.'
And he swore to them both that he was their sincere adviser. So by deceit he brought them to their fall: when they tasted the tree their shame became manifest to them and they began to sew together the leaves of the Garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them:
I not forbid you that tree and tell you that Satan was your avowed enemy?'
" (Quran 7:19-22).
'Our Lord we have wronged ourselves souls. If You forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers' " (Quran 7:23)
And God accepts their plea:
Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went Astray. Then his Lord chose
him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance." (Quran
'Get down (from the Garden), one of you an enemy to the other [i.e. Adam, Eve, and Satan]. On earth will be a dwelling-place for you and an enjoyment -- for a short time'. He (God) said:
you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be brought
out [i.e. resurrected].' "
Adam and Eve were ordered
to leave the Garden which they where in and descend to earth where they
and their children will live and die, and where Satan will also be.
"The woman you put here with me she gave me some fruit from the tree and I ate it." Consequently, God said to Eve:
" I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband and he will rule over you."
To Adam He said:
"Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree .... Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life..."
In Islam (as depicted by
the Quranic verses above) Adam doesn't blame Eve for their fault. Both
share the responsibility and both receive blame, equally. Furthermore,
God doesn't curse Eve for her mistake by "increasing her pains in childbearing".
This concept was a contributing factor for the unequal treatment of women
in early Christianity (for more info follow this link
). Most importantly, God does not curse Adam for committing a sin
and that sin in not inherited by the whole world.
The Quran states:
"That no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another. And that man can have nothing but what he does (of good and bad). And that his deeds will be seen, Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense [fair] " (Quran 53:38-41)
The Quranic message is: whatever it is that you do, you are alone will be held responsible for, not your brother, not your father, not your children. This is only fair, and God is Fair. Adam sinned, we agree. But why do his children have to bear something they took no part in? Why is a sacrifice needed to please a Most Merciful God? A Muslim will answer there is no need for any of that.